Center for Patient Safety Research and Practice

| Health Information Technology and Information Systems Including Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) Selected Publications

Reporting and implementing interventions involving machine learning and artificial intelligence. Bates DW, Auerbach A, Schulam P, Wright A, Saria S. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Feb1;181(2):251-259.

Health care equity in the use of advanced analytics and artificial intelligence technologies in primary care. Clark CR, Wilkins CH, Rodriguez JA, Preninger AM, Harris J, DesAutels S, Karunakaram H, Rhee K, Bates DW, Dankwa-Mullan I. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 May 23.

Assessing hospital electronic health record vendor performance across publicly reported quality measures. Holmgren AJ, Kuznetsova M, Classen D, Bates DW. J AM Med Inform Assoc. 2021 Aug 1:ocab120.

A digital health industry cohort across the health continuum. Cohen AB, Dorsey ER, Matthews SC, Bates DW, Safavi K. NPJ Digit Med. 2020; 3:68.

National Trends in the Safety Performance of Electronic Health Record Systems From 2009 to 2018 Classen DC, Holmgren AJ, Co Z, Newmark LP, Seger DL, Danforth M, Bates DW. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 May; 3(5):e205547.

Late adopters of the electronic health record should move now. Rumball-Smith J, Ross K, Bates DW. BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Mar; 29(3): 238-240.

Beyond validation: getting health apps into clinical practice. Gordon WJ, Landman A, Zhang H, Bates DW. NPJ Digit Med. 2020; 3: 14.

Interoperability: What Is It, How Can We Make It Work for Clinicians, and How Should We Measure It in the Future? Bates DW, Samal L. Health Serv Res. 2018 Oct; 53(5): 3270-3277.

How to do better health reform: a snapshot of change and improvement initiatives in the health systems of 30 countries. Braithwaite J, Matsutama Y, Mannion R, Johnson J, Bates DW, Highes C. Int J Qual Health Care. 2016 Dec; 28(6): 843-846.

The Big Phish: Cyberattacks Against U.S. Healthcare Systems. Wright A, Aaron S, Bates DW. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Oct; 31(10): 1115-1118.

Accelerating Innovation in Health IT. Rudin RS, Bates DW, MacRae C. N Engl J Med. 2016 Sep 1; 375(9): 815-817.

Provider variation in responses to warnings: do the same providers run stop signs repeatedly? Beeler PE, Orav EJ, Seger DL, Dykes PC, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Apr; 23(e1): e93-e98.

Recommendations for Selecting Drug-Drug Interactions for Clinical Decision Support. Tilson H, Hines LE, McEvoy et al. Am J Health Sys Pharm. 2016 Apr 15; 73(8): 576-585.

Health Information Technology and Care Coordination:The Next Big Opportunity for Informatics? Bates DW. Yearb Med Inform. 2015; 10(1): 11-14.

Qualitative analysis of vendor discussions on the procurement of Computerised Physician Order Entry and Clinical Decision Support systems in hospitals. Cresswell KM, Lee L, Slee A, Coleman J, Bates DW, Sheikh A. BMJ Open. 2015; 5(10): e008313.

Understanding the Nature of Medication Errors in an ICU with a Computerized Physician Order Entry System. Cho I, Park H, Choi YJ, Hwang MH, Bates DW. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e114243.

Qualitative analysis of round-table discussions on the business case and procurement challenges for hospital electronic prescribing systems. Cresswell KM, Slee A, Coleman J, Willaims R, Bates DW, Sheikh A. PLoS One. 2013 Nov 19;8(11):e79394. doi: 10.137/journal.pone.0079394. Free PMC Article

Using EHR data to predict hospital-acquired pressure ulcers: a prospective study of a Bayesian Network model. Cho I, Park I, Kim E, Lee E, Bates DW. Int J Med Imform. 2013 Nov;82(11)):1059-67. doi: 10.1016/j.jmedinf.2013.06.012.

Overrides of medication-related clinical decision support alerts in outpatients. Nanji KC, Slight SP, Seger DL, Cho I, Fiskio JM, Redden LM, Volk LA, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Oct 28. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001813.

Impact of vendor computerized physician order entry on patients with renal impairment in community hospitals. Leung AA, Schiff G, Keohane C, Amato M, Simon SR, Cadet B, Coffey M, Kaufman N, Zimlichman E, Seger DL, Yoon C, Bates DW. J Hosp Med. 2013 Oct;8(10):545-52. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2072.

EHR adoption across China's tertiary hospitals: A cross-sectional observational study. Shu T, Liu H, Goss FR, Yang W, Zhou L, Bates DW, Liang M. Int J Med Imform. 2013 Sep 1. pii: S1386-5056(13)00187-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jmedinf.2013.08.008.

Discussion of "Attitude of physicians towards automatic alerting in computerized physician order entry systems". Bates DW, Baysari MT, Dugas M, Haefeli WE, Kushniruk AW, Lehmann CU, Liu J, Mantas J, Margolis A, Miyo K, Nohr C, Peleg M, de Quirós FG, Slight SP, Starmer J, Takabayashi K, Westbrook JI. Methods Inf Med. 2013;52(2):109-27. PMID: 23508343

Investigating and learning lessons from early experience of implementing ePrescribing systems into NHS hospitals: a questionnaire study. Cresswell K, Coleman J, Slee A, Williams R, Sheikh A; ePrescribing Programme Team. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53369. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053369. Free PMC Article

Lessons learned from implementation of computerized provider order entry in 5 community hospitals: a qualitative study. Simon SR, Keohane CA, Amato M, Coffey M, Cadet B, Zimlichman E, Bates DW. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2013 Jun 24;13:67. doi: 10.1186/1472-6947-13-67. Free PMC Article

Ten key considerations for the successful implementation and adoption of large-scale health information technology. Cresswell KM, Bates DW, Sheikh A. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jun;20(e1):e9-e13. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001684.

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system. Zinszer K, Tamblyn R, Bates DW, Buckeridge DL. BMC Public Health. 2013 May 25;13:509. dio: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-509. Free PMC Article

Medication safety practices in hospitals: A national survey in Saudi Arabia. Aljadhey H, Alhusan A, Alburikan K, Adam M, Murray MD, Bates DW. Saudi Pharm J. 2013 Apr;21(2):159-64. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2012.07.005. Free PMC Article

Healthcare information technology and economics. Payne TH, Bates DW, Berner ES, Bernstam EV, Covvey HD, Frisse MS, Graf T, Greenes RA, Hoffer EP, Kuperman G, Lehmann HP, Liang L, Middleton B, Omenn GS, Ozbolt J. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr;20(2):212-7. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-000821.

The top patient safety strategies that can be encouraged for adoption now. Shekelle PG, Pronovost PJ, Wachter RM, McDonald KM, Schoelles K, Dy SM, Shojania K, Reston JT, Adams AS, Angood PB, Bates DW et al. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Mar 5; 158(5 Pt 2):365-8. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-5-201303051-00001.

Standard practices for computerized clinical decision support in community hospitals: a national survey. Ash JS, McCormack JL, Sittig DF, Wright A, McMullen C, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Nov-Dec;19(6):980-7. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000705. Free PMC Article

Impact of vendor computerized physician order entry in comunity hospitals. Leung AA, Keohane C, Amato M, Simon SR, Coffey M, Kaufman N, Cadet B, Schiff G, Zimlichman E, Seger DL, Yoon C, Song P, Bates DW. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jul;27(7):801-7. doi: 10.1007/s11606-012-1987-7.

Computerised decision support systems for healthcare professionals: an interpretative review. Cresswell K, Majeed A, Bates DW, Sheikh A. Inform Prim Care. 2012;20(2):115-28. Review. PMID:23710776

Guided medication dosing for elderly emergency patients using real-time, computerized decison support. Griffey RT, Lo HG, Burdick E, Keohane C, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2012 Jan 1;19(1):86-93.

Clinical decision support systems could be modified to reduce 'alert fatigue' while still minimizing the risk of litigation
. Kesselheim AS, Cresswell K, Phansalkar S, Bates DW, Sheikh A. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011, Dec;30(12):2310-7.

Errors associated with outpatient computerized prescribing systems
. Nanji KC, Rothschild JM, Salzberg C, Keohane CA, Zigmont K, Devita J, Gandhi TK, Dalal AK, Bates DW, Poon EG. J Am Med Inform Assoc Nov-Dec 2011;18(6):767-73.

The rise and fall of England's National Programme for IT. Robertson A, Bates DW, Sheikh A. J R Soc Med. 2011 Nov;104(11):434-5.

Finding the meaning in meaningful use. Classen DC, Bates DW. N Eng J Med 2011 Sep 1;365(9):855-8.

Factors influencing alert acceptance: a novel approach for predicting the success of clinical decision support. Seidling HM, Phansalkar S, Seger DL, Paterno MD, Shaykevich S, Haefeli WE, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2011 Jul-Aug;18(4):479-84.

Critical drug-drug interactions for use in electronic health records systems with computerized physician order entry: review of leading approaches. Classen DC, Phansalkar S, Bates DW. J Patient Saf 2011;7(2):61-65.

A survey of health information exchange organizations in the United States: implications for meaningful use. Adler-Milstein J, Bates DW, Jha AK. Ann Intern Med 2011;154(10):666-671.

A qualitative study of Canada's experience with the implementation of electronic health information technology. Rozenblum R, Jang Y, Zimlichman E, Salzberg C, Tamblyn M, Buckeridge D, Forster A, Bates DW, Tamblyn R. CMAJ 2011;183(5):E281-E288.

Governance for clinical decision support: case studies and recommended practices from leading institutions. Wright A, Sittig DF, Ash JS, Bates DW, Feblowitz J, Fraser G, Maviglia SM, McMullen C, Nichol WP, Pang JE, Starmer J, Middleton B. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2011;18(2):187-194.

The efficacy of computer-enabled discharge communication interventions: a systematic review. Motamedi SM, Posadas-Calleja J, Straus S, Bates DW, Lorenzetti DL, Baylis B, Gilmour J, Kimpton S, Ghali WA. Qual Saf Health Care 2011 Jan 24.

Addition of electronic prescription transmission to computerized prescriber order entry: Effects of dispensing errors in community hospitals. Moniz TT, Seger AC, Keohane CA, Seger DL, Bates DW, Rothschild JM. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2011; Jan 15;68(2):158-63.

Lessons learned from implementation of a computerized application for pending tests at hospital discharge. Dalal AK, Poon AG, Karson AS, Gandhi TK, Roy CL. J Hosp Med. 2011 Jan;6(1)16-21.

A review of human factors principles for the design and implementation of medication safety alerts in clinical information systems. Phansalkar S, Edworthy J, Heller E, Seger DL, Schedlbauer A, Avery AJ, Bates DW. J AM Med Inform Assoc 2010;17(5):493-501.

Participation in an ambulatory e-pharmacovigilance system. Haas JS, Iyer A, Orav EJ, Schiff GD, Bates DW. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2010 19(9):961-969.

Integrating incident data from five reporting systems to assess patient safety: making sense of the elephant. Levtzion-Korach O, Frankel A, Alcalai H, Keohane C, Orav J, Graydon-Baker E, Barnes J, Gordon K, Puopolo AL, Tomov EI, Sato L, Bates DW. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(9):402-410.

Reduction in specimen labeling errors after implementation of a positive patient identification system in phlebotomy. Morrision AP, Tanasijevic MJ, Goonan EM, Lobo MM, Bates MM, Lipsitz SR, Bates DW. Am J Clin Pathol 2010;133(6):870-877.

Effect of bar-code technology on the safety of medication administration. Poon EG, Keohane CA, Yoon CS, Ditmore M, Bane A, Levtzion-Korach O, Moniz T, Rothschild JM, Kachalia AB, Hayes J, Churchill WW, Lipsitz S, Whittemore AD, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. N Engl J Med 2010;362(18):1698-1707.

Mixed results in the safety performance of computerized physician order entry. Metzger J, Welebob E, Bates DW, Lipsitz S, Classen DC. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010;29(4):655-663.

The future of health information technology in the patient-centered medical home. Bates DW, Bitton A. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010;29(4):614-619.

Relationship between use of electronic health record features and health care quality: results of a statewide survey. Poon EG, Wright A, Simon SR, Jenter CA, Kaushal R, Volk LA, Cleary PD, Singer JA, Tumolo AZ, Bates DW. Med Care 2010 Mar;48(3):203-209.

Adverse drug event rates in six community hospitals: and the potential impact of computerized physician order entry for prevention. Hug BL, Witkowski DJ, Sox CM, Keohane CA, Seger DL, Yoon C, Matheny ME, Bates DW. J Gen Intern Med 2010;25(1):31-38.

Physician attitudes toward health information exchange: results of a statewide survey. Wright A, Soran C, Jenter CA, Volk LA, Bates DW, Simon SR. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2010;17:66-70.

Handy point-of-care decision support. Rothschild JM. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Nov 17;151(10):748-9.

Understanding the decisions and values of stakeholders in health information exchanges: experiences from Massachusetts. Rudin RS, Simon SR, Volk LA, Tripathi M, Bates DW. Am J Public Health 2009;99(5):950-5.

Effect of an electronic medication reconciliation application and process redesign on potential adverse drug events: a cluster-randomized trial. Schnipper JL, Hamann C, Ndumele CD, Liang CL, Carty MG, Karson AS, Bhan I, Coley CM, Poon E, Turchin A, Labonville SA, Diedrichsen EK, Lipsitz S, Broverman CA, McCarthy P, Gandhi TK. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Apr 27;169(8):771-80.

Trends in primary care clinician perceptions of a new electronic health record. El-Kareh R, Gandhi TK, Poon EG, Newmark LP, Ungar J, Lipsitz S, Sequist TD.J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Apr;24(4):464-8.

Evaluation of the contributions of an electronic web based reporting system: enabling action. Levitzion-Korach O, Alcalai H, Orav EJ, Graydon-Baker E, Keohane C, Bates DW, Frankel AS. J Patient Saf 2009 Mar;5(1):9-15.

U.S. regional health information organizations: progress and challenges. Adler-Milstein J, Bates DW, Jha AK. Health Aff 2009 Mar-Apr;28(2):483-492

Electronic health records: use, barriers, and satisfaction among physicians who care for black and Hispanic patients. Jha AK, Bates DW, Jenter C, Orav JE, Zheng J, Cleary PD, Simon SR. J Eval Clin Pract 2009 Feb;15(1):158-63.

Impact of non-interruptive medication laboratory monitoring alerts in ambulatory care. Lo HG, Matheny ME, Seger DL, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2009 Jan-Feb;16(1):66-71.

Community-wide implementation of health information technology: the Massachusetts eHealth Collaborative experience. Goroll AH, Simon SR, Tripathi M, Ascenzo C, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2009;16(1):132-139.

Tiering drug-drug interaction alerts by severity increases compliance rates. Paterno MD, Maviglia SM, Gorman PN, Seger DL, Yoshida E, Seger AC, Bates DW., Gandhi TK. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2009;161(1):40-46.

Can surveillance systems identify and avert adverse drug events? A prospective evaluation of a commercial application. Jha AK, Laguette J, Seger A, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2008;15(5):647-653.

Effect of computerized physician order entry with clinical decision support on adverse drug events in the long-term care setting. Gurwitz JH, Field TS, Rochon P, Judge J, Harrold LR, Bell CM, Lee M, White K, LaPrino J, Erramuspe-Mainard J, DeFlorio M, Gavendo L, Baril JL, Reed G, Bates DW. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008;56:2225-2233.

Improving referral communication using a referral tool within an electronic medical record. Gandhi TK, Keating NL, Ditmore M, Kiernan D, Johnson R, Burdick E, Hamman C. In: Henricksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, Grady ML, editors. Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 3 Performance and Tools). Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2008 Aug.

A research agenda for personal health records (PHRs). Kaebler DC, Jha AK, Johnston D, Middleton B. Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2008;15(6):729-736.

A randomized trial of electronic clinical reminders to improve medication laboratory monitoring. Matheny EM, Sequist TD, Seger AC, Fiskio JM, Sperling M, Bugbee D, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2008;(4)15:424-429.

Grand challenges in clinical decision support. Sittig DF, Wright A, Osheroff JA, Middleton B, Teich JM, Asj JS, Campbell E, Bates DW. J Biomed Inform 2008;41(2):387-392.

The state of regional health information organizations: current activities and financing. Adler-Milstein J, McAfee AP, Bates DW, Jha AK. Health Aff 2008;27(1):w60-w69.

Computerized physician order entry with clinical decision support in long-term care facilities: costs and benefits to stakeholders. Subramanian S, Hoover S, Gilman B, Field TS, Mutter R, Gurwitz JH. J Amer Geriatrics Soc. 2007 Sep;55(9):145-7.

Electronic health record use and the quality of ambulatory care in the United States. Linder JA, Ma J, Bates DW, Middleton B, Stafford RS. Arch Intern med 2007;167(13):1400-1405.

Physicians and electronic health records: a statewide survey. Simon SR, Kaushal R, Cleary PD, Jenter CA, Volk LA, Orav EJ, Burdick E, Poon EG, Bates DW. Arch Intern Med 2007;167(5):507-512.

Medication dispensing errors and potential adverse drug events before and after implementing bar code technology in the pharmacy. Poon EG, Cina JL, Churchill W, Patel N, Featherstone E, Rothschild JM, Keohane CA, Whittemore AD, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. Ann Intern Med 2006;145(6):426-434.

Return on investment for a computerized physician order entry system. Kaushal R, Jha AK, Franz C, Glaser J, Shetty KD, Jaggi T, Middleton B, Kuperman GJ, Khorasani R, Tanasijevic M, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2006;13:261-266.

Adherence to black box warnings for prescription medications in outpatients. Lasser KE, Seger DL, Yu DT, Karson AS, Fiskio JM, Seger AC, Shah NR, Gandhi TK, Rothschild JM, Bates DW. Arch Intern Med 2006 Feb;166(3):338-344.

Assessing the level of healthcare information technology adoption in the United States: a snapshot. Poon EG, Jha AK, Christino M, et al. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2006 Jan 5;6(1):1.

Improving acceptance of computerized prescribing alerts in ambulatory care. Shah NR , Seger AC, Seger DL, Fiskio JM, Kuperman GJ, Blumenfeld B, Recklet EG, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006 Jan-Feb;13(1):5-11.

Clinical application of a computerized system for physician order entry with clinical decision support to prevent adverse drug events in long-term care. Rochon PA, Field TS, Bates DW, Lee M, Gavendo L, Erramuspe-Mainard J, Judge J, Gurwitz JH. CMAJ. 2006 Jan 3;174(1):52-4.

Physicians and ambulatory electronic health records. Bates DW. Health Aff (Millwood) 2005;24(5):1180-1189.

Outpatient prescribing errors and the impact of computerized prescribing
. Gandhi TK, Weingart SN, Seger AC, Borus J, Burdick E, Poon EG, Leape LL, Bates DW. J Gen Intern Med. 2005; Sep 20(9):837-41.

A randomized trial of electronic clinical reminders to improve quality of care for diabetes and coronary artery disease. Sequist TD, Gandhi TK, Karson AS, Fiskio JM, Bugbee D, Sperling M, Cook EF, Orav EJ, Fairchild DG, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2005;12(4):431-437.

The value of health care information exchange and interoperability. Walker J, Pan E, Johnston D, Adler-Milstein J, Bates DW, Middleton B. Health Aff (Millwood);10.1377:W5 10-18.

Computerized physician order entry and medication errors: finding a balance. Bates DW. J Biomed Inform. 2005 Aug;38(4):259-61.

Using information technology to improve surgical safety. Bates DW. British Journal of Surgery 2004 Aug;91:939-40.

Development of a computerized adverse drug event (ADE) monitor in the outpatient setting. Seger AC, Gandhi TK, Hope C, Overhage JM, Murray MD, Weber D, Fiskio J, Teal E, Bates DW. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Marks ES, Lewin DI, editors. Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation (Volume 2: Concepts and Methodology). Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2005 Feb.

Characteristics and consequences of drug-allergy alert overrides in a computerized physician order entry system. Hsieh TC, Kuperman GJ, Jaggi T, Hojnowski-Diaz P, Fiskio J, Williams DH, Bates DW, Gandhi TK. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2004;11(6):486-491.

A consensus action agenda for achieving the national health information infrastructure. Yasnoff WA, Humphreys BL, Overhage JM, Detmer DE, Brennan PF, Morris RW, Middleton B, Bates DW, Fanning JP. J AM Med Inform Assoc 2004 11(4):332-338.

Overcoming barriers to adopting and implementing computerized physician order entry systems in U.S. hospitals. Poon EG, Blumenthal D, Jaggi T, Honour MM, Bates DW, Kaushal R. Health Aff 2004;23:184-190.

Automated coded ambulatory problem lists: evaluation of a vocabulary and a data entry tool. Wang SJ, Bates DW, Chueh HC, Karson AS, Maviglia SM, Greim JA, Frost JP, Kuperman GJ. Int J Med Inform 2003;72:17-28.

Electronically screening discharge summaries for adverse medical events. Murff HJ, Forster AJ, Peterson JF, Fiskio JM, Heiman HL, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2003 Jul-Aug;10(4):339-50.

Ten commandments for effective clinical decision support: making the practice of evidence-based medicine a reality. Bates DW, Kuperman GJ, Wang S, Gandhi T, Kittler A, Volk L, Spurr C, Khorasani R, Tanasijevic M, Middleton B. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2003;10(6):523-530.

Improving safety with information technology. Bates DW, Gawande AA. N Engl J Med. 2003 Jun 19;348(25):2526-34.

Effects of computerized physician order entry and clinical decision support systems on medication safety
. Kausal R, Shojania K, Bates D. Archives of Internal Medicine 2003 Jun;163(12):1409-16.

A computer-based intervention for improving the appropriateness of antiepileptic drug level monitoring. Chen P, Tanasijevic MJ, Schoenenberger RA, Fiskio J, Kuperman GJ, Bates DW. Am J Clin Path 2003;119:432-438.

Automating complex guidelines for chronic disease: lessons learned
. Maviglia SM, Zielstorff RD, Paterno M, Teich JM, Bates DW, Kuperman GJ. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2003;10:154-165.

A proposal for electronic medical records in U. S. primary care. Bates DW, Ebell M, Gotlieb E, Zapp J, Mullins HC. J AM Med Inform Assoc 2003 Jan-Feb;10(1):1-10.

The use of computers for clinical care: a case series of advanced U.S. sites. Doolan DF, Bates DW, James BC. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2003 Jan-Feb;10:94-107.

Information technology and medication safety: what is the benefit? Kaushal R, Bates DW. Qual Saf Health Care. 2002 Sep;11(3):261-5.

Computerized physician order entry systems in hospitals: mandates and incentives. Doolan DF, Bates DW. Health Aff 2002;12:180-188.

Clinician use of a palmtop drug reference guide. Rothschild JM, Lee TH, Bae T, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002;9:223-229.

Real-time notification of laboratory data requested by users through alphanumeric pagers. Poon EG, Kuperman GJ, Fiskio J, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002;9:217-222.

Comparison of time spent writing orders on paper with computerized physician order entry. Shu K, Boyle D, Spurr C, Horsky J, Heiman H, O'Connor P, Lepore J, Bates DW. In Patel VL, Rogers R, Haux R, editors. MEDINFO 2001. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Medical Informatics; Sep 2-5, London, UK. Amsterdam: IOS Press;2001.P.1207-11.

Using and electronic medical record to identify opportunities to improve compliance with cholesterol guidelines. Maviglia SM, Teich JM, Fiskio J, Bates DW. J Gen Intern Med 2001;16:531-537.

Improving allergy alerting in a computerized physician order entry system
. Abookire SA, Teich JM, Sandige HL, Paterno MD, Matrin MT, Kuperman GJ, Bates DW. Proc AMIA Symp 2000;(20 Suppl):2-6.

Effects of computerized physician order entry on prescribing practices. Teich JM, Merchia PR, Schmiz JL, Kuperman GJ, Spurr CD, Bates DW. Arch Intern Med 200;160:2741-2747.

Improving response to critical laboratory results with automation: results of a randomized controlled trial. Kuperman GJ, Teich JM, Tanasijevic MJ, Ma'Luf N, Rittenberg E, Jha A, Fiskio J, Winkelman J, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 1999;6:512-522.

The impact of computerized physician order entry on medication error prevention. Bates DW, Teich JM, Lee J, Seger D, Kuperman GJ, Boyle D, Leape L. J Am Med Inform Assoc 1999;6:313-321.

Effect of computerized physician order entry and a team intervention on prevention of serious medication errors. Bates DW, Leape L, Cullen DJ, Laird N, Petersen LA, Teich JM, Burdick E, Hickey M, Kleefield S, Shea B, Vander Vliet M, Seger D. JAMA 1998;280(15):1311-1316.

Does the computerized display of charges affect inpatient ancillary test utilization? Bates DW, Kuperman GJ, Jha A, Teich JM, Orav EJ, Ma'luf N, Onderdonk A, Pugatch R, Wybenga D, Winkelman J, Brennan TA, Komaroff AL, Tanasijevic MJ. Arch Intern Med 1997;157:2501-2508.

Implementation of physician order entry: user satisfaction and self-reported usage patterns. Lee F, Teich JM, Spurr CD, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc 1996;3:42-55.

Computerized physician order entry and quality of care. Bates DW, Kuperman G, Teich JM. Qual Manag Health Care 1994;2(4):18-27.





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